Further Information For Authors

This page assumes that you’ve read the basic submission information and so provides a more detailed style guide and links to provided resources to help your submission make a strong impression on the reviewers.

We’ve prepared a document in collaboration with our reviewers and editors to provide detailed guidelines and advice on the sort of article that we are looking to publish.

Resource for Authors – what makes a good article

Style Guide and Presentation Guidelines

History in the Making uses the Chicago system of citations. A summary of the guidelines are set out below, but if in doubt please refer to The Chicago Guide. For other presentation and stylistic issues, we recommend consulting the style guide set out by the University of Sydney history department here.


References must accord to the Chicago Manual of Style and they must be presented as footnotes, not endnotes or in-text citations.

Examples of references:

Book: Emma Christopher, Slave Ship Sailors and their Captive Cargoes, 1730-1807, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006), 1-12

Journal article: William O’Reilly, ‘Genealogies of Atlantic History,’ Atlantic Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, (2004), 66-84

Thesis: Verity Burgmann, ‘Revolutionaries and Racists: Australian Socialism and the Problem of Racism, 1887-1917,’ (PhD Thesis, Australian National University, 1980), 4

Chapter: Grace Karskens, ‘Small Things, Big Pictures: New Perspectives from the Archaeology of Sydney’s Rocks Neighbourhood,’ in The Archaeology of Urban Landscapes: Explorations in Slumland, ed. Alan Mayne and Tim Murray, (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2001), 69-85

Archive: Follow the form recommended by the archive itself or commonly used to reference from that archive. An example might be: Alphabetical registers of Male Convicts, 1804-39, no. 393, CON 23/1, Archives Office of Tasmania (AOT).

Newspaper: ‘The Police and Public Order,’ Sydney Morning Herald, August 12 1893, 5

Second and subseuent references: If the citation is to the same work as the citation immediately previous, use Ibid. In all other cases, use a shortening of the citation. e.g. Christopher, Slave Ship Sailors, 2.

If utilising abbreviations within references, the full name of the institution, organisation or country must be stated in the first reference followed by the abbreviation in parentheses, e.g. National Library of Australia (NLA). The abbreviation may be used subsequently.

Contractions – such as ‘don’t’ and ‘it’s’ – must not be used within the submission unless as part of a quotation from a primary or secondary source.

Numbers under 100 should be spelled out, e.g. ‘one’, ‘five’, ‘sixty-eight’. Numbers above 100 can be given as figures, e.g. ‘103’, but round numbers should be spelled out, e.g. ‘ten thousand people attended the demonstration’.

Spell out centuries, e.g. ‘seventeenth century’ instead of ’17th century’.
Dates should follow the day month year model – e.g. 31 December 2000 – not December 31, 2000. Sentences should not start with the date unless this is part of a quotation.
Always spell out months in full, e.g. December not Dec.
No apostrophe is used in ‘1940s’, ‘1780s’ etc.
Year spans should appear as 1830-50, not 1830-1850.

Quotations should use single quotation marks, e.g. ‘quote’ rather than “quote”. In the instance of a quote within a quote, utilise double quotation marks, e.g. ‘The author quoted the observer as saying, “I have been misquoted”.’
Generally, quotations three lines long or less should remain within the body of the main text, with single quotation marks. Quotations longer than four lines should be separated from the main text as an indented paragraph and without quotation marks.
Quotations must replicate the quoted text exactly. In the instance of obvious errors in spelling, grammar or word use, utilise the term [sic] following the error. e.g. ‘The man said he didn’t reconise [sic] the subject.’

Carefully check the use of apostrophes within the text to ensure you have indicated the correct possession. e.g ‘The history student’s journal’ (singular possessive, i.e. a journal belonging to an individual history student) OR ‘The history students’ journal’ (plural possessive, i.e. a journal belonging to many history students) OR ‘The history students enjoyed the journal’ (plural, but no apostrophe). ‘It’s’ is short for it is, e.g. ‘it’s sunny outside’, while ‘its’ indicates possession, e.g. its eyes are blue.